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URADNA SPLETNA STRAN

Eurobankovci

PROIZVODNJA

Nacionalne centralne banke euroobmočja in Evropska centralna banka določijo letni obseg proizvodnje eurobankovcev glede na to, koliko neprimernih bankovcev morajo zamenjati in kakšno je povpraševanje po gotovini.


Timsko delo

V proizvodnji eurobankovcev sodelujejo nacionalne centralne banke in ECB. Te najprej izračunajo, koliko bankovcev bodo potrebovale v posameznem letu. Pri tem upoštevajo, koliko bankovcev bo potrebnih za zamenjavo neprimernih bankovcev v obtoku, za zadovoljitev pričakovanega povečanja povpraševanja – npr. pred novoletnimi nakupi – ter za zadovoljitev nepričakovanih skokov v povpraševanju.

Napovedi o pričakovanem povpraševanju po eurobankovcih v naslednjem letu pripravijo nacionalne centralne banke, nato pa ECB na tej osnovi izdela skupno napoved.

Decentralizirano tiskanje

Da bi proizvodnja bankovcev potekala učinkovito, pri tiskanju sodelujejo različne nacionalne centralne banke. Določen delež letne proizvodnje enega ali več apoenov posameznim centralnim bankam dodeli ECB. Tako so npr. belgijska, nemška, italijanska in španska centralna banka v letu 2012 skupno proizvedle 1,5 milijarde bankovcev za 50 €.

Enotna kakovost in varnost

Bankovce tiska približno 16 strogo varovanih tiskarn v Evropi. Iz tiskarn se bankovci razpošljejo v posamezne nacionalne centralne banke.

Način proizvodnje z združevanjem apoenov in enotni sistem nadzora kakovosti zagotavljata, da vsi eurobankovci izpolnjujejo enake standarde. Med proizvodnim postopkom je opravljenih na stotine ročnih in avtomatiziranih testov, tako da so bankovci iz različnih tiskarn med seboj povsem identični.

Prerazporejanje med centralnimi bankami

Eurobankovci ponavadi ne ostanejo v državi, v kateri so bili izdani. Ljudje jih na poslovnih potovanjih ali počitnicah odnesejo s seboj v drugo državo euroobmočja in tam potrošijo. Da v različnih državah ne bi prihajalo do presežkov ali pomanjkanja bankovcev, jih nacionalne centralne banke pod nadzorom ECB zato prerazporejajo med seboj.


Več tiskarskih postopkov

Enako kot bankovci prve serije bodo tudi bankovci serije Evropa natisnjeni na papirju iz čistega bombaža, zato bodo na otip značilno čvrsti in šelesteči ter bolj trpežni od navadnega papirja. Nekateri zaščitni elementi, kot sta vodni znak in varnostna nit, so vdelani v sam papir bankovca.
 
 V proizvodnji se uporabljajo različne vrste plošč, posebne tiskarske barve in več postopkov, kot so ofsetni in globoki tisk, nanos holograma s toplotnim tiskom ter sitotisk za številke, ki spreminjajo barvo.

Na desni je posnetek o proizvodnji bankovcev za 5 € iz serije Evropa.


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