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POLLETNO POROČILO O PONAREJANJU EUROBANKOVCEV

POLLETNO POROČILO O PONAREJANJU EUROBANKOVCEV


V drugi polovici leta 2012 je bilo iz obtoka umaknjenih skupno 280.000 ponarejenih eurobankovcev. To pomeni, da je bilo skupno število ponaredkov, umaknjenih iz obtoka v letu 2012, za 12,4% nižje kot v letu 2011. Obenem je bilo v drugi polovici leta 2012 iz obtoka umaknjenih za 11,6% več ponaredkov kot v prejšnjih šestih mesecih.

Spodnja tabela prikazuje polletni trend v številu zaseženih ponaredkov.

Obdobje

2009/2

2010/1

2010/2

2011/1

2011/2

2012/1

2012/2

Število ponaredkov

447.000

387.000

364.000

296.000

310.000

251.000

280.000

 

V primerjavi s številom pristnih eurobankovcev v obtoku (v drugi polovici leta 2012 povprečno 14,9 milijarde bankovcev) je delež ponaredkov še vedno zelo majhen.
Kljub temu Eurosistem – Evropska centralna banka (ECB) in 17 nacionalnih centralnih bank v euroobmočju – uporabnikom svetuje, naj bodo še naprej pozorni na bankovce, ki jih prejmejo v gotovinskih transakcijah. Pristne bankovce je mogoče brez težav prepoznati s preprostim preizkusom »OTIP-POGLED-NAGIB«, ki je opisan na spletni strani ECB o euru in na spletnih straneh nacionalnih centralnih bank Eurosistema. Če ste v dvomih, je sumljiv bankovec najbolje primerjati z drugim, za katerega veste, da je pristen. Kdor sumi, da je prejel ponarejen bankovec, naj o tem obvesti policijo ali – kjer nacionalna praksa to dopušča – nacionalno centralno banko.

V spodnji tabeli so prikazani odstotni deleži posameznih apoenov v skupnem številu ponarejenih bankovcev, ki so bili iz obtoka umaknjeni v drugi polovici leta 2012.

Apoen

5 €

10 €

20 €

50 €

100 €

200 €

500 €

Delež v odstotkih

0.5%

1.5%

42.5%

40.0%

13.0%

2.0%

0.5%

 


Najpogosteje ponarejena apoena sta bila še vedno bankovca za 20 € in 50 €. V zadnjih šestih mesecih se je delež ponarejenih bankovcev za 20 € povečal, delež ponarejenih bankovcev za 50 € pa se je zmanjšal. V drugi polovici leta 2012 sta največkrat ponarejena apoena skupaj predstavljala 82,5% vseh ponaredkov. Sledi bankovec za 100 €, ki je predstavljal 13,0% vseh ponaredkov. Delež ostalih apoenov (5 €, 10 €, 200 € in 500 €) je bil zelo majhen.

Večina ponaredkov (97,5%) je bila v drugi polovici leta 2012 zasežena v državah euroobmočja, samo približno 2% pa v državah članicah EU zunaj euroobmočja in 0,5% drugod po svetu.

Eurosistem vlaga veliko napora v to, da bi bila širša javnost dobro obveščena o tem, kako prepoznati ponarejen bankovec, profesionalnim uporabnikom gotovine pa zagotavlja, da naprave za obdelavo in sortiranje bankovcev zanesljivo prepoznajo in umaknejo ponaredke iz obtoka.

Predsednik ECB je danes razkril novi bankovec za 5 € iz »serije Evropa«. Novi bankovci bodo uvedeni postopno v naslednjih nekaj letih, pri čemer bo 2. maja 2013 v obtok najprej prišel bankovec za 5 €. Serija Evropa bo vključevala izboljšane zaščitne elemente, ki upoštevajo nova dognanja na področju zaščite in tehnologije bankovcev, s čimer bodo eurobankovci varnejši in trpežnejši. Nadaljnje informacije o bankovcu za 5 € iz serije Evropa so na voljo na spletnem mestu www.noviobrazeura.eu.


Evropska centralna banka
Generalni direktorat Stiki z javnostjo in jezikovne storitve
Oddelek za tisk in informiranje
Kaiserstrasse 29, D-60311 Frankfurt na Majni
Tel.: +49 69 1344 7455, Faks: +49 69 1344 7404
Spletna stran: http://www.ecb.europa.eu

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